The Canadian Job Market

1. How much do you know about the Canadian Job market?
          Are you sure that you know the Canadian job market? To find out how familiar you are with the Canadian job market, answer the following questions in this small test. Mark each statement with "T” if you think the statement is true or with "F” if you think that the statement is false.
1. The visible job market is the job market which is open to immigrants.
2. The hidden job market is the job market which is available only to Canadian citizens.
3. A resume is a detailed description of your working life.
4. In a resume, you do not have to indicate your age, nationality or marital status.
5. At the end of the interview, you will not be told if you are hired or not.
6. The purpose of employment agencies (recruiters, search firms) is to find a good job for you.
7. The services of employment agencies are free of charge.
8. To receive unemployment benefits a new immigrant should have worked at least a few days.
9. Once you get laid off, you cannot get unemployment benefits.
10. A Job Finding Club is a club where unemployed people relax and have fun.
11. Even if you have a regulated occupation, you will be able to work in your field without a license.
12. An immigrant must work in Canada in the occupation which he or she specified in their immigration application.
13. The more resumes you send, the more interviews you get.
14. An apprenticeship is a program for people who want to be a sailor on ships.
15. If you receive unemployment benefits, you must agree to take any job.
See the right answers at the end of this chapter.

2. What does the Canadian job market look like?
          If you aren’t familiar with the Canadian job market or want to improve your knowledge, we suggest taking the following steps. Find out:
•  What requirements apply to workers of your profile in the Canadian National Occupational Qualification (NOC)?
•  What is the demand for your occupation today?
•  What will the future demand for your occupation be?
•  What are the most effective ways of finding a job in Canada?
•  What Canadian organizations can help you to get employment?
•  What are your strengths and weaknesses?
•  What are Canadian employers looking for?
          Once you become familiar with the Canadian job market, you have to decide what career you want in Canada, and start preparing for employment.
Sources: Job Market Trends and News
What is labour market information? Do I need it?

3. How can I prepare for the Canadian job market?
          Any serious matter requires training. Would you start driving a car for the first time without training first? To quickly find a job in your field you have to be well prepared. There are always jobs available, but you have to know that there is unemployment in Canada. At the end of 2015, according to Statistics Canada, the national average unemployment rate was 7%. The lowest unemployment rates were in the provinces of Saskatchewan - 5%, Manitoba - 5.6% and British Columbia - 5.9%. The unemployment rate in Ontario in August 2015 was 6.8%, with 508,000 people unemployed. So, to find a good job in Canada isn't easy; there is a lot of competition.
We suggest taking the following steps to prepare for employment in Canada:
•  Make a decision about your career goals.
•  Evaluate your foreign credentials.
•  Get a professional licence if your occupation is regulated in Canada.
•  Take required courses for your profession to improve your credentials.
•  Get Canadian experience in your field.
•  Improve your professional English.
•  Build your professional network.
•  Accept the help of employment centres.
•  Master effective ways to gain employment.
Source: Prepare to work

4. What does your occupation mean in Canada?
          To find out what your occupation is called in Canada, where it is used and what you need to continue your career, look over the National Occupational Classification (NOC). If you know the exact English name of your occupation, it is easy to find its code. Each occupation has its own four-digit code and the digits have the following meaning:
• The first digit specifies the group to which the occupation belongs.
•  The second indicates the required education or training.
•  The third one identifies the subgroup.
•  The fourth represents the name of a particular position.
Having opened the page to your occupation, you will learn about your job title and your main duties. There are also requirements for education, licensing and a description of the prospects for growth in your occupation. With the NOC you can decide whether you are ready to start working immediately in your occupation in Canada and if not, what steps you should take to prepare for the Canadian job market.
           If you have any questions about your occupation, visit the nearest Employment Centre where you can consult with a specialist.
Source: Visit online Welcome to the National Occupational Classification 2016.

5. How can I find out if my occupation is in demand?
           To find out what the demand is for your occupation today you can use the Canada Job Bank. Go online to Job Bank Canada and after entering your job title you can find vacancies for jobs in your occupation in any province or territory of Canada and in large cities as well.

6. What are employability skills?
          The Conference Board of the Canada Research Centre has developed and approved a list of qualities, skills and abilities that are most valued by employers in Canada. This list, called the "Employability Skills" list, is widely used in schools, colleges, universities and job centres. It is used across Canada as a standard for the ideal employee.
          The Employability Skills list includes three sections:
          The first section is called «Fundamental Skills». This section includes the most important fundamental knowledge, skills and abilities that are acquired in the course of study and work. These include: the ability to communicate (excellent knowledge of the language in which business is conducted, and the ability to use graphs, charts, diagrams, drawings, and tables), the ability to work with information (logical thinking, critical assessment of the situation, understanding problems and finding solutions, and the effective use of new technologies and information systems), and the ability to use mathematical knowledge in a particular situation.
          The second section is called «Personal Management Skills». This section includes optimism and a positive attitude towards reality, a responsible attitude, the willingness and ability to adapt to change and the desire to learn for life.
          The third section is called «Teamwork skills». Canadian employers need a person who can work successfully in a team. Qualities in this section include the ability to understand the purpose of the organization and their role in it, to respect the ideas and opinions of others in the group, to find their place among others, to be prepared to share information with colleagues to achieve group results in conjunction with others to plan, make decisions and monitor the results.
Most of these qualities are not innate, they can be learned.
          Source: Visit online Employability Skills 2000+

(To be continued)